Reference style

Sources should be referenced according to the Vancouver reference style. In text references should be identified using numbers in round brackets. Where more than one number is required, they should appear consecutively [e.g., "cancer-related mortality (19)”; “denocarcinoma (29,30)”]. References (including in the text, tables and figure legends) should be numbered consecutively and consistently according to the order in which they first appear in the text.

The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. All the author names should be listed. For example:

  • Jang H, Carl M, Ma Y, Searleman AC, Jerban S, Chang EY, Corey-Bloom J, Du J. Inversion recovery zero echo time (IR-ZTE) imaging for direct myelin detection in human brain: a feasibility study. Quant Imaging Med Surg 2020;10:895-906.
  • Zhu J, Li B, Qiu L, Liu H, Zhang M, Wang Y, Wang P, Jiao D, Chen T, Liu X, Cui L, Shan Y, Luo B, Lin N, Hua X, Hu Z, Hu Y, Tu B, Zheng Y, Chen S, Xu S, Mao J, Liu W, Xiang M, Li J, Chen J, Tang Y, Chen S, He Y, Dai T, Zhang S, Zhang Y, Fang M, Hao S, Lin X, He X, Bao B, Xi Z, Peng X, Zhang Q, Du G. A measurement method of knee joint space width by ultrasound: a large multicenter study. Quant Imaging Med Surg 2020;10:979-987.

For other styles of publication or Internet articles, see http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html.

Below are two examples for management of the reference:

a.     If you manage references manually or in other way, you could refer to the reference example below:

Jang H, Carl M, Ma Y, Searleman AC, Jerban S, Chang EY, Corey-Bloom J, Du J. Inversion recovery zero echo time (IR-ZTE) imaging for direct myelin detection in human brain: a feasibility study. Quant Imaging Med Surg 2020;10:895-906..

b.     If you use “Endnote” (a commercial reference management software package produced by Clarivate Analytics, used to manage bibliographies and references when writing essays and articles), the reference style file for QIMS can be directly downloaded here: http://qims.amegroups.com/public/addition/qims/reference-style.ens


Updated on June 17, 2020