Article Abstract

The risk factors associated with delirium after lumbar spine surgery in elderly patients

Authors: Zhimin Pan, Kai Huang, Wei Huang, Ki Hoon Kim, Hao Wu, Yanghong Yu, Keung Nyun Kim, Seong Yi, Dong Ah Shin, Darshan Vora, Cristian Gragnaniello, Kevin Phan, Anastasia Tasiou, Mark J. Winder, Hisashi Koga, Parisa Azimi, Suk Yun Kang, Yoon Ha, written on behalf of the AME Spine Surgery Collaborative Group

Abstract

Background: To prospectively explore the incidence and risk factors for postoperative delirium in elderly patients following lumbar spine surgery.
Methods: This prospective study enrolled 148 consecutive patients over the age of 65 who were scheduled to undergo spine surgery. Patients were screened for delirium using the short Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) postoperatively. Patient demographics and relevant medical information were collected. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors associated with postoperative delirium.
Results: Eighty-three patients (56.1%) who underwent lumbar spine surgery (not coexisting with cervical or thoracic spine surgery) were enrolled in our study. Post-operative delirium was noted in 14.5% of patients over 65 years old. The presence of preoperative Parkinsonism was significantly higher in the delirium group (41.7% vs. 8.5%, P=0.002), as was a higher preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) (7.0±15.2 vs. 1.3±2.3 mg/L, P=0.017) when compared with the non-delirium group. Of the risk factors, male sex [odds ratio (OR) =0.10, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.01–0.66, P=0.017], Parkinsonism (OR =5.83, 95% CI: 1.03–32.89, P=0.046), and lower baseline MMSE score (OR =0.71, 95% CI: 0.52–0.97, P=0.032) were independently associated with postoperative delirium in elderly patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery.
Conclusions: Post-operative delirium occurred in 14.5% of elderly patients who underwent lumbar spine surgery. Male sex, Parkinsonism, and lower baseline MMSE score were identified as independent risk factors for postoperative delirium in elderly patients following lumbar surgery.