Tumor enhancement of colorectal liver metastases on preoperative gadobutrol-enhanced MRI at 5 minutes post-contrast injection is associated with overall survival post-hepatectomy
Previous studies have demonstrated that target tumor enhancement (TTE) of colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRCLM) on 10-minute delayed phase gadobutrol-enhanced MRI is associated with overall survival post-hepatectomy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether TTE of CRCLM on preoperative gadobutrol-enhanced MRI measured at 5-minute delayed phase is also associated with overall survival. We performed a single-institution, REB-approved, retrospective study of 121 patients with CRCLM who had received a clinical gadobutrol-enhanced MRI after treatment with chemotherapy and prior to liver surgery between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2012. The TTE of the colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) on 5-minute delayed phase was determined. Kaplan-Meier and Cox-regression survival analyses were used in order to determine the association between TTE on 5-minute delayed phase and overall survival, after adjusting for known prognostic variables. TTE of chemotherapy-treated CRLM on gadobutrol-enhanced MRI at 5-minute post-contrast injection is associated with overall survival post-hepatectomy. On Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, there was a significant difference in overall survival between strong and weak TTE groups (log-rank P=0.009) with 74.4% survival at 36 months in the strong TTE group compared to only 44.6% in the weak TTE group. On Cox-regression analysis, the adjusted hazard ratio of death for patients with low TTE was 0.40 (95% CI: 0.18–0.90, P=0.026), after adjusting for known prognostic variables. This study provides preliminary evidence that tumor enhancement of CRLM at 5 minutes post-contrast injection on gadobutrol-enhanced MRI may provide preoperative prognostic information. This may be helpful for risk stratification of patients for surgery.