Article Abstract

Integrated application of antegrade and retrograde recanalization for femoral-popliteal artery chronic total occlusions: outcomes compared with antegrade recanalization

Authors: Li-Ming Wei, Yue-Qi Zhu, Pei-Lei Zhang, Hai-Tao Lu, Jun-Gong Zhao


Background: To investigate the efficacy of retrograde recanalization for chronic total occlusion (CTO) of femoral-popliteal artery in patients with peripheral arterial disease.
Methods: In this single-center retrospective study, all patients who had undergone endovascular recanalization for femoral-popliteal CTOs at our center from June 2011 to October 2014 were included. Patients’ demographics, immediate and follow-up outcomes were analyzed.
Results: A total of 205 patients with 238 CTOs were enrolled. In total, successful recanalization was achieved in 228 CTOs (95.8%). The antegrade procedure was successful in 196 CTOs. The retrograde procedure was successfully performed in 32 CTOs after failed antegrade procedure. Ankle-brachial index increased from 0.48±0.18 to 0.79±0.16 in antegrade group vs. 0.41±0.13 to 0.76±0.13 in retrograde group (P=0.438). Pulse score increased from 0.48±0.50 to 2.30±0.76 in antegrade group vs. 0.48±0.51 to 2.30±0.79 in retrograde group (P=0.771). At 12 and 24 months, primary patency rate was 86.2% (169/196) and 51.5% (101/196) in the antegrade group, and 75.0% (24/32) and 43.8% (14/32) in the retrograde group, respectively (P=0.346). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed limb salvage rates of 85.7% in the antegrade group vs. 78.1% in the retrograde group (P=0.198).
Conclusions: Retrograde recanalization is effective for CTO of femoral-popliteal artery after the failure of an antegrade procedure; immediate outcomes and mid-term patency and limb salvage rate are comparable with that of antegrade procedure.