Article Abstract

3D convolutional neural network for differentiating pre-invasive lesions from invasive adenocarcinomas appearing as groundglass nodules with diameters ≤3 cm using HRCT

Authors: Shengping Wang, Rui Wang, Shengjian Zhang, Ruimin Li, Yi Fu, Xiangjie Sun, Yuan Li, Xing Sun, Xinyang Jiang, Xiaowei Guo, Xuan Zhou, Jia Chang, Weijun Peng


Background: Identification of pre-invasive lesions (PILs) and invasive adenocarcinomas (IACs) can facilitate treatment selection. This study aimed to develop an automatic classification framework based on a 3D convolutional neural network (CNN) to distinguish different types of lung cancer using computed tomography (CT) data.
Methods: The CT data of 1,545 patients suffering from pre-invasive or invasive lung cancer were collected from Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. All of the data were preprocessed through lung mask extraction and 3D reconstruction to adapt to different imaging scanners or protocols. The general flow for the classification framework consisted of nodule detection and cancer classification. The performance of our classification algorithm was evaluated using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, with diagnostic results from three experienced radiologists.
Results: The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and AUC (area under the ROC curve) values of our proposed automatic classification method were 88.5%, 80.1%, 84.0%, and 89.2%, respectively. The results of the CNN classification method were compared to those of three experienced radiologists. The AUC value of our method (AUC =0.892) was higher than those of all radiologists (radiologist 1: 80.5%; radiologist 2: 83.9%; and radiologist 3: 86.7%).
Conclusions: The 3D CNN-based classification algorithm is a promising and effective tool for the diagnosis of pre-invasive and invasive lung cancer and for the treatment choice decision.