Article Abstract

Persistence of gastric or esophageal varices on final angiography increases transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt revision rate after polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent shunt creation

Authors: Benjamin Moulin, Olivier Chevallier, Gilles Abdulmalak, Maxime Luu, Marianne Latournerie, Anne Minello, Sophie Gehin, Jean-Pierre Cercueil, Marco Midulla, Romaric Loffroy


Background: To assess the association between final polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered stent transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) angiographic parameters and free shunt revision survey.
Methods: Series of two comparison groups were generated with persistence of varices or not, the 25th, 50th, and 75th percentile as cutoff for each angle and a 15-mm distance as cutoff for distance D. Kaplan Meier free shunt revision curves were then created and compared with Log Rank test.
Results: Mean follow-up was 455 days. Thirteen (19.4%) patients had shunt revision. Significant free shunt revision survey difference was found between post-procedural angiographic persistent varices group and the group without varices (P=0.0001). Shunt revision rate at 3, 12 and 24 months was respectively 13%, 29%, and 39% in the group with varices versus 0%, 2.7% and 2.7% in the group without. No difference was found between groups for angles A, B, C and distance D.
Conclusions: Persistence of gastric or esophageal varices on final trans-TIPS angiography increases TIPS revision rate after PTFE-covered stent shunt creation whereas geometric parameters have no influence.