Cardiac dysfunction could be present in twins with anamnestic twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) (1). An 8-year-old monochorionic diamniotic twin pair with anamnestic TTTS was referred for echocardiographic examination. Twins presented prematurity at birth (donor twin: weight, 1,570 g; Apgar: 3-7-9; recipient twin: weight: 2,490 g; Apgar: 8-9-10). They were involved in the ‘Motion Analysis of the heart and Great vessels bY three-dimensionAl speckle-tRacking echocardiography in Twins’ (MAGYAR-Twin) Study. Three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) was performed using a Toshiba Artida echocardiography equipment with a PST-25SX matrix-array transducer (Toshiba Medical Systems, Tokyo, Japan) (2). Normal left ventricular (LV) dimensions and ejection fraction without wall motion abnormalities were detected. 3DSTE-derived LV radial, circumferential, longitudinal, three-dimensional and area strains proved to be 12.8%±9.3%, −26.0%±9.2%, −18.2%±6.9%, 15.4%±10.8% and −40.2%±11.4%, respectively in donor twin and 22.9%±17.9%, −24.7%±11.9%, −17.4%±8.0%, 24.8%±17.8% and −37.6%±11.5%, respectively in recipient twin. During assessment of LV rotational mechanics, both twins showed absence of LV twist as called LV “rigid body rotation” (RBR). In normal circumstances, due to LV helical myocardial structure a consequent clockwise rotation of the LV base and counterclockwise rotation of the LV apex could be demonstrated (3). In donor twin, both apical (white arrow) and basal (dashed arrow) LV rotations were in the same clockwise direction confirming LV-RBR (Figure 1A). In recipient twin, LV-RBR could also be exhibited but apical and basal LV rotations were in the same counterclockwise direction (Figure 1B). To the best of authors’ knowledges this is the first time to demonstrate different patterns of LV-RBR in twins with anamnestic TTTS.
Conflicts of Interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
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