Real-time intraoperative ultrasound in brain surgery: neuronavigation and use of contrast-enhanced image fusion

Mario Ganau, Gianfranco K. Ligarotti, Vasileios Apostolopoulos


Point-of-care devices for intraoperative imaging represent one of the greatest adjuvant to modern strategies for surgical planning and execution; this is particularly true in neurosurgery given the complexity of the central nervous system and the delicate surgical maneuvers needed to manipulate it without causing iatrogenic damage.