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Whole-tumor perfusion CT using texture analysis in unresectable stage IIIA/B non-small cell lung cancer treated with recombinant human endostatin

  
@article{QIMS26541,
	author = {Lei Shi and Xiang-Lan Zhou and Jing-Jing Sun and Jie-Hui Huang and Xu Wang and Kai Li and Pei-Pei Pang and Yu-Jin Xu and Ming Chen and Min-Ming Zhang},
	title = {Whole-tumor perfusion CT using texture analysis in unresectable stage IIIA/B non-small cell lung cancer treated with recombinant human endostatin},
	journal = {Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery},
	volume = {9},
	number = {6},
	year = {2019},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Background: To observe the dynamic changes of blood perfusion with whole-tumor computed tomography (CT) perfusion imaging using texture analysis in patients with unresectable stage IIIA/B non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with recombinant human endostatin (Endostar).
Methods: This phase II clinical trial recruited 11 patients diagnosed with stage IIIA/B NSCLC. Histological examination prior to treatment revealed squamous cell carcinoma in 4 cases and adenocarcinoma in 7 cases. All patients underwent contrast-enhanced perfusion CT at baseline and a second CT scan 1 week after treatment initiation with Endostar. CT perfusion images including blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), and permeability (PMB) were imported into OmniKinetics software to quantitatively assess the texture features. Skewness, kurtosis, and entropy were calculated at baseline and after anti-angiogenic therapy. Changes in tumor were analyzed using Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The association of parameters with survival was evaluated using Cox proportional hazards regression model.
Results: There were no statistical differences in the mean values of BF, BV, and PMB before and after treatment (P=0.594, 0.477 and 0.328, respectively). The skewness on BF images demonstrated significant differences at baseline and after treatment (0.6±2.7 vs. 1.0±2.6, P=0.010), while skewness of BV and PMB showed no significant variation (P=0.477 and 0.213, respectively). The kurtosis and entropy for BF, BV and PMB showed no significant differences (all P>0.05). In adenocarcinoma, the mean BF showed no significant differences at baseline and after treatment (76.5±25.7 vs. 101.2±46.4, P=0.398), while skewness for BF was significantly higher after treatment than at baseline (−0.19±3.3 vs. 0.59±3.2, P=0.028). No significant associations were found between perfusion CT imaging parameters and progression-free survival.
Conclusions: These results suggested that blood perfusion showed improvement with whole-tumor perfusion CT using texture analysis in patients with stage IIIA/B NSCLC treated by Endostar.},
	url = {http://qims.amegroups.com/article/view/26541}
}