%0 Journal Article %T Quantitative texture analysis on pre-treatment computed tomography predicts local recurrence in stage I non-small cell lung cancer following stereotactic radiation therapy %A Dennie, Carole %A Thornhill, Rebecca %A Souza, Carolina A. %A Odonkor, Cecilia %A Pantarotto, Jason R. %A MacRae, Robert %A Cook, Graham %J Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery %D 2017 %B 2017 %9 %! Quantitative texture analysis on pre-treatment computed tomography predicts local recurrence in stage I non-small cell lung cancer following stereotactic radiation therapy %K %X Background: The prediction of local recurrence (LR) of stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after de nitive stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) remains elusive. The purpose of this study was to assess whether quantitative imaging features on pre-treatment computed tomography (CT) can predict LR beyond 18 ( 18 F) uorodeoxyglucose ( 18 F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT maximum standard uptake value (SUV max ). Methods: This retrospective study evaluated 36 patients with 37 stage I NSCLC who had local tumor control (LC; n=19) and (LR; n=18). Textural features were extracted on pre-treatment CT. Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare LC and LR groups. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed and the area under the curve (AUC) calculated with LR as outcome. Results: Gray-level correlation and sum variance were greater in the LR group, compared with the LC group (P=0.02 and P=0.04, respectively). Gray-level difference variance was lower in the LR group (P=0.004). The logistic regression model generated using gray-level correlation and difference variance features resulted in AUC (SE) 0.77 (0.08) (P=0.0007). The addition of 18F-FDG PET/CT SUV max did not improve the AUC (P=0.75). Conclusions: CT textural features were found to be predictors of LR of early stage NSCLC on baseline CT prior to SBRT. %U http://qims.amegroups.com/article/view/17485 %V 7 %N 6 %P 614-622