Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging and its recent trend—a survey

Geetha Soujanya Chilla, Cher Heng Tan, Chenjie Xu, Chueh Loo Poh

Abstract

Since its inception in 1985, diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging has been evolving and is becoming instrumental in diagnosis and investigation of tissue functions in various organs including brain, cartilage, and liver. Even though brain related pathology and/or investigation remains as the main application, diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) is becoming a standard in oncology and in several other applications. This review article provides a brief introduction of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging, challenges involved and recent advancements.