Article Abstract

Predicting peritumoral Glisson’s sheath invasion of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with preoperative CT imaging

Authors: Yingfan Mao, Yong Zhu, Yudong Qiu, Weiwei Kong, Liang Mao, Qun Zhou, Jun Chen, Jian He

Abstract

Background: To investigate the differences of clinicopathological characteristics and computed tomography (CT) features between intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (ICC) with and without peritumoral Glisson’s sheath invasion (PGSI), and to construct a nomogram to predict PGSI of ICCs preoperatively.
Methods: The clinicopathological characteristics and CT features of 84 ICCs were retrospectively analyzed and compared between ICCs with (30/84, 35.7%) and without PGSI (54/84, 64.3%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify preoperative independent predictors of PGSI in ICCs. A nomogram was constructed to predict PGSI preoperatively.
Results: ICCs with and without PGSI differed significantly in the presence of abdominal pain, serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels, TNM and T stages, tumor location, intratumoral calcifications, intrahepatic bile duct dilatation, intrahepatic bile duct calculus, morphologic type and dynamic enhancement pattern on CT images (all P<0.05). Abdominal pain, serum CEA level, intrahepatic bile duct dilatation, and morphologic type were independent predictors of PGSI in ICCs. A nomogram based on those predictors was constructed to predict PGSI preoperatively with an area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of 0.908 (P<0.001).
Conclusions: Clinicopathological characteristics and CT features differed significantly between ICCs with and without PGSI. A nomogram including abdominal pain, serum CEA level, intrahepatic bile duct dilatation, and morphologic type could predict PGSI accurately.

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