Article Abstract

Circumferential strain rate to detect lipopolysaccharide-induced cardiac dysfunction: a speckle tracking echocardiography study

Authors: Ming Chu, Lijun Qian, Menglin Zhu, Jing Yao, Di Xu, Minglong Chen


Background: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced myocardial dysfunction is a widely used indicator to study septic cardiomyopathy (SC). This study investigated the efficiency of strain rate imaging (SRI) in detecting LPS-induced myocardial dysfunction.
Methods: A total of 30 mice were randomly assigned to saline group (n=10), 10 mg/kg LPS group (n=10) and 20 mg/kg LPS group (n=10). Then at baseline, 6 and 20 h after LPS injection, 2-D and M-mode echocardiography were conducted with GE Vivid 7 ultrasound (il3L linear probe, 10.0–14.0 MHz) and Echopac PC software. Ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) were measured with M-mode tracings. Serum biochemical examination was then performed to evaluate sepsis-induced myocardial injury.
Results: In LPS 20 mg/kg group, at 6 h after LPS injection, SRI found significantly decreased early diastolic strain rate (SRe, 1.76±1.05 vs. 3.18±0.83 unit/s, P<0.05), but M-mode echo found no change in EF and FS. In 10 mg/kg LPS group, compared with those at 6 h after LPS injection, SRI found a decline in SRe (1.57±0.75 vs. 3.18±0.83 unit/s, P<0.05), and M-mode tracings found an elevation in EF (71.31%±11.68% vs. 55.36%±7.42%, P<0.05) and FS (35.67%±8.79% vs. 25.43%±4.32%, P<0.05) at 20 h. Furthermore, LPS elevated the levels of serum creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin-T (cTnT) at 20 h.
Conclusions: SRI is useful to early assess LPS-induced cardiac deformation in mice. circumferential strain rate (SRcirc) is a sensitive indicator for LPS-induced myocardial injury in severe sepsis.