Article Abstract

Ultra-wide optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic retinopathy

Authors: Qinqin Zhang, Kasra A Rezaei, Steven S. Saraf, Zhongdi Chu, Fupeng Wang, Ruikang K. Wang

Abstract

Background: To implement an ultra-wide optical coherence tomography angiography imaging (UW-OCTA) modality in eyes with diabetic retinopathy (DR) with the aim of quantifying the burden of microvascular disease at baseline and subsequent clinic visits.
Methods: UW-OCTA was implemented on a 1,060 nm swept source (SS) OCTA engine running at 100 kHz A-line rate with a motion tracking mechanism. A montage scanning protocol was used to capture a 100-degree field of view (FOV) using a 4×4 grid of sixteen total individual 6×6 mm2 scans. Typical OCTA images with a FOV of 3×3, 6×6 and 12×12 mm2 were obtained for comparison. DR patients were scanned at baseline and follow-up. They were treated at the clinician’s discretion. Vessel density and non-perfusion area maps were calculated based on the UW-OCTA images.
Results: Three proliferative DR patients were included in the study. UW-OCTA images provided more detailed visualization of vascular networks compared to 50-degree fluorescein angiography (FA) and showed higher burden of pathology in the retinal periphery that was not captured by typical OCTA. Neovascularization complexes were clearly detected in the two patients with active PDR. Vessel density and non-perfusion maps were used to measure progressive capillary non-perfusion and regression of neovascularization between visits.
Conclusions: UW-OCTA provides approximately 100-degree OCTA images of the fundus comparable to that of wide-angle fundus photography, and may be more applicable in conditions such as DR which affect the peripheral retina in contrast to standard OCTA.

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