Article Abstract

Synchrotron radiation computed tomography versus conventional computed tomography for assessment of four types of stent grafts used for endovascular treatment of thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms

Authors: Zhonghua Sun, Curtise K. C. Ng, Cláudia Sá Dos Reis

Abstract

Background: To determine the accuracy of synchrotron radiation computed tomography (CT) for measurement of stent wire diameters for in vitro simulation of endovascular aneurysm repair by four different types of stent grafts when compared to conventional CT images.
Methods: This study was performed using an aorta model with implantation of four aortic stent grafts for endovascular treatment of thoracoabdominal and abdominal aortic aneurysms. The aorta model was scanned using synchrotron radiation CT with beam energies ranging from 60 to 90 keV with 10 keV increment at each scan and spatial resolution of 41.6 µm per pixel. Stent wire diameters were measured at the top and body regions of each stent graft based on 2-dimensional (2D) axial and 3-dimensional (3D) reconstruction images, with measurements compared to those obtained from 128-slice CT images which were acquired with slice thickness of 0.5 mm.
Results: Synchrotron radiation CT images clearly demonstrated stent graft details with accurate assessment of stent wire diameters, with measurements at the top of stent grafts (between 0.32±0.02 and 0.47±0.02 mm) similar to the actual diameters (between 0.32±0.01 and 0.48±0.01 mm) when the beam energies of 70 and 80 keV were used, regardless of the types of stent grafts assessed. A beam energy of 60 keV resulted in stent wires thicker than the actual sizes, although this did not reach statistical significance (P=0.07–0.29), while the beam energy of 90 keV led to stent wires smaller than the actual sizes at the top (P=0.16) and body region (P=0.02) of stent grafts on 2D axial images. The stent wire sizes measured at the body region of stent grafts on 3D synchrotron radiation images (between 0.19±0.02 and 0.43±0.02 mm) were significantly smaller than the actual diameters (P=0.02–0.04). Stent wires were overestimated on conventional CT images with diameters more than 2-fold larger than the actual sizes (P=0.007–0.03) at both top and body regions of all four stent grafts.
Conclusions: This study further confirms the accuracy of high-resolution synchrotron radiation CT in image visualization and size measurement of different aortic stent grafts with measured wire diameters similar to the actual ones, thus allowing for more accurate assessment of stent wire details for endovascular repair of aortic aneurysms.