Article Abstract

Radiomic analysis using contrast-enhanced CT: predict treatment response to pulsed low dose rate radiotherapy in gastric carcinoma with abdominal cavity metastasis

Authors: Zhen Hou, Yang Yang, Shuangshuang Li, Jing Yan, Wei Ren, Juan Liu, Kangxin Wang, Baorui Liu, Suiren Wan


Background: To determine the feasibility of radiomic analysis for predicting the therapeutic response of gastric carcinoma (GC) with abdominal cavity metastasis (GCACM) to pulsed low dose rate radiotherapy (PLDRT) using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) images.
Methods: Pretreatment CECT images of 43 GCACM patients were analyzed. Patients with complete response (CR) and partial response (PR) were considered responders, while stable disease (SD) and progressive disease (PD) as non-responders. A total of 1,117 image features were quantified from tumor region that segmented from arterial phase CT images. Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and absolute correlation coefficient (ACC) were calculated for selecting influential feature subset. The capability of each influential feature on treatment response classification was assessed using Kruskal-Wallis test and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Moreover, artificial neural network (ANN) and k-nearest neighbor (KNN) predictive models were constructed based on the training set (18 responders, 14 non-responders) and the testing set (6 responders, 5 non-responders) validated the reliability of the models. Comparison between the performances of the models was performed by using McNemar’s test.
Results: The analyses showed that 6 features (1 first order-based, 1 texture-based, 1 LoG-based, and 3 wavelet-based) were significantly different between responders and non-responders (AUCs range from 0.686 to 0.728). Both two prediction models based on features extracted from CECT showed potential in predicting the treatment response with higher accuracies (ANN: 0.714, KNN: 0.749 for the training set; ANN: 0.816, KNN: 0.816 for the testing set). No statistical difference was observed between the performance of ANN and KNN (P=0.999).
Conclusions: Pretreatment radiomic analysis using CECT can potentially provide important information regarding the therapeutic response to PLDRT for GCACM, improving risk stratification.