Article Abstract

Quantitative parameters of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI): potential application in predicting pathological grades of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

Authors: Wanling Ma, Guangwen Zhang, Jing Ren, Qi Pan, Didi Wen, Jinman Zhong, Zhuoli Zhang, Yi Huan

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to compare intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) parameters such as standard apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCstandard), pure diffusion coefficient (Dslow), pseudodiffusion coefficient (Dfast) and perfusion fraction (ƒ) for differentiating pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) with different pathological grades.
Methods: Institutional Review Board of our hospital approved this study protocol. Subjects comprised 38 PDACs confirmed by pathology. Pancreatic multiple b values DWI with 15 b values of 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 150, 200, 400, 800, 1,000, 1200, 1,500, and 2,000 s/mm2 was performed using GE Discovery MR750 3.0T scanner. ADCstandard, Dslow, Dfast and ƒ values of all PDACs were calculated using mono- and bi-exponential models. Parameters of well/moderately differentiated and poorly differentiated PDAC were compared using Independent Sample t-test. P values <0.05 were considered significant.
Results: Mean Dslow value of well/moderately differentiated PDAC was significantly lower than that of poorly differentiated PDAC (0.540×10−3vs. 0.676×10−3 mm2/s, P<0.001). Mean ƒ value of well/moderately differentiated PDAC was significantly higher than that of poorly differentiated PDAC (60.3% vs. 38.4%, P<0.001). The area under curve value of ƒ in differentiating well/moderately differentiated PDAC from poorly differentiated PDAC was slightly higher than that of Dslow (0.894>0.865). When the Dslow value was less than or equal to 0.599×10−3 mm2/s, the sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 84.6% respectively. When ƒ value was greater than 49.6%, the sensitivity and specificity were 92.0% and 84.6% respectively.
Conclusions: Dslow and ƒ derived from IVIM-DWI model can be used to distinguish well/moderately differentiated PDAC from poorly differentiated PDAC. And to serve this purpose, Dslow and ƒ have high diagnostic performance. IVIM-DWI is a promising and non-invasive tool for predicting pathological grade of PDAC.