Article Abstract

Intraoperative ultrasound in spine surgery: history, current applications, future developments

Authors: Mario Ganau, Nikolaos Syrmos, Allan R. Martin, Fan Jiang, Michael G. Fehlings


Precise identification of anatomical landmarks and their variants, localization and delineation of the extent of lesions, and anticipation of surgical maneuvers to optimize surgical access and enhance dexterity are critical in the planning and execution of any surgical procedure.